From a hospital on the edge of the Navajo Nation to the suburbs of the nation's capital, front-line medical workers in coronavirus hot spots are struggling to keep up with a crushing load of patients while lockdown restrictions are lifting in many other parts of the U.S.
Governors are starting to slowly reopen some segments of their local economies, pointing to evidence that the number of COVID-19 deaths and new hospitalizations are peaking or starting to recede in their states. But a government whistleblower warned Thursday that the U.S. faces its "darkest winter in modern history" unless leaders act decisively to prevent a rebound of the virus.
While many state and local officials see modest signs of progress in the pandemic fight, coronavirus outbreaks are testing public health networks in pockets of the U.S.
Among them is a suburb of Washington, D.C. The head of a hospital system in Maryland's Prince George's County, a majority black community bordering the nation's capital, said the area's intensive care units "are bursting at the seams." Meanwhile, a civil rights group's lawsuit claimed the county's jail failed to stop an "uncontrolled" coronavirus outbreak and isolated infected prisoners in cells with walls covered in feces, mucus and blood.
"I would say we are the epicenter of the epicenter," said Dr. Joseph Wright, interim CEO of University of Maryland Capital Region Health.
The hospital in Gallup, New Mexico, is on the front lines of a grinding outbreak on the Navajo Nation that recently prompted a 10-day lockdown of the city, with police setting up roadblocks to discourage non-emergency shopping.
Medical staff last week staged a protest to complain of inadequate staffing and urge the CEO of Rehoboth McKinley Christian Hospital to resign. The departure last week of the hospital's lung specialist has limited its ability to treat COVID-19 patients, as people with acute respiratory symptoms are transported to Albuquerque some two hours away. About 17 nurses were cut from the hospital's workforce in March, at least 32 staff have tested positive for the virus and its intensive care unit is at capacity.
"My staff is physically exhausted, emotionally exhausted and they are suffering from moral injury," said Felicia Adams, the hospital's chief nursing officer.
Meanwhile, in Washington, Rick Bright, a vaccine expert who alleges he was ousted from a high-level scientific post after warning the Trump administration to prepare for the pandemic, told a congressional panel that the U.S. lacks a plan to produce and fairly distribute a coronavirus vaccine when it becomes available.
Asked by lawmakers if Congress should be worried, Bright, who wore a protective mask while testifying, responded: "Absolutely."
President Donald Trump dismissed Bright in a tweet Thursday as "a disgruntled employee." The White House has launched what it calls "Operation Warp Speed" to quickly produce, distribute and administer a vaccine once it becomes available.
Bright's testimony follows a warning earlier in the week from Dr. Anthony Fauci, the government's top infectious disease expert, that rushing to lift store-closing and stay-at-home restrictions could "turn back the clock," and lead to more suffering and death, complicating efforts to get the economy rolling again.
The U.S. has the largest coronavirus outbreak in the world by far: more than 1.4 million infections and nearly 85,000 deaths, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University. Worldwide, the virus has infected more than 4.4 million people and killed more than 300,000. Experts say the actual numbers are likely far higher.
The pressure is on to staunch job losses in the U.S. after the unemployment rate soared to 14.7% in April, the highest since the Great Depression. Another nearly 3 million laid-off workers applied for U.S. unemployment benefits last week as the viral outbreak led more companies to slash jobs.
Roughly 36 million people have now filed for jobless aid in the U.S. in the two months since the coronavirus first forced millions of businesses to close their doors and shrink their work forces, the U.S. Labor Department said Thursday.
Many states are lifting lockdowns, leading to tentative resumptions of commerce. But even in those places, hospitals continue to operate on an emergency footing.
In Georgia, the state provided a network of hospitals with extra nurses so its exhausted employees could take some time off and recover. The Northeast Georgia Health System, which operates four hospitals, is still struggling to buy as many disposable protective gowns as it needs. It has assigned workers to collect and sanitize the suits so they can be reused. Community volunteers are sewing gowns and masks.
"That's our most critical need," said Tracy Vardeman, the health system's chief strategy officer. "We're going through as many as 6,000 a day."
The system's largest hospital serves a county at the epicenter of the state's poultry industry. About one-third of Hall County's 200,000 residents are Hispanic or Latino, a demographic that has accounted for up to 60% of the hospital system's COVID-19 patients. Officials are taking virus testing to a grocery store in the heart of the Hispanic community.
"I think there is increasing realization that this is a severe issue and we cannot take it lightly," said Dr. Antonio Rios, a leader of the hospital system's affiliated physicians' group.
In Maryland, Gov. Larry Hogan has announced the first stage of a state recovery plan, allowing retail stores to reopen and lifting a state stay-at-home requirement beginning Friday evening. However, hard-hit Prince George's County is extending its stay-at-home order through June 1, County Executive Angela Alsobrooks announced Thursday.
Wright, the hospital CEO in Prince George's County, said the three emergency departments that his medical system operates are steadily seeing upward of 70 new COVID-19 confirmed and suspected patients every day. On Wednesday, the emergency departments averaged 3.5 coronavirus patients per hour.
Officials say the community has been uniquely affected by the virus in part because it is a gateway to the District of Columbia, and many of its 909,000 residents are essential workers who continue to go to jobs every day. That largely mirrors the scenario in Queens, which became the epicenter of New York's outbreak.
"We are certainly still very much in a very busy phase of this surge," Wright said.
Meanwhile, the economic fallout from the pandemic continues to pummel nations worldwide, and European governments promised more relief to their citizens.
France's government announced an 18-billion-euro ($19.4 billion) plan to support restaurants, hotels and other tourist facilities which have been closed since mid-March.
Germany's parliament approved plans to increase the amount paid to people in a government-backed short-time work program that allows businesses to keep employees on the payroll while they await better times.