The Trump administration said Wednesday it won't pay more than $60 million in dues it owes to the World Health Organization and will use the money instead to pay down other contributions to the United Nations. The announcement came just a day after the White House announced the U.S. would not participate in a WHO-run project to develop and distribute a COVID-19 vaccine.
The decision to withhold roughly $62 million in outstanding 2020 dues to the WHO is part of President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the organization over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic and his allegations that the agency has been improperly influenced by China.
Despite proceeding with the withdrawal, administration officials said the U.S. will continue to participate in select WHO meetings and make one-time contributions to specific programs during a one-year wind-down period. Those programs include polio eradication projects in Afghanistan and Pakistan, humanitarian relief in Libya and Syria and efforts to combat influenza.
The funding decisions follow Trump's announcement in July that he was withdrawing the U.S. from the WHO effective July 2021 and instructing his administration to wind down funding and cooperation with the agency. At the time of the announcement, the U.S. had already paid about $52 million of its assessed 2020 dues of $120 million.
During the one-year wind-down, the officials said the U.S. would continue to participate in select WHO technical and policy meetings that have a direct bearing on U.S. health, commercial and national security interests. "We will consider those on a case-by-case basis," said Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organizations Nerissa Cook.
The officials, from the U.S. Agency for International Development and departments of State and Health and Human Services, did not say which other U.N. agencies would get the $62 million being withheld from WHO or whether it would be used to pay down U.S. arrears to the world body's general fund.
Nor was it clear whether how the U.S. would handle tens of millions of dollars in back dues it owes to the WHO. Under U.S. law, arrears must be paid before the United States can withdraw from most international organizations.
The one-time exemptions for specific programs will apply to up to $40 million in funding for flu vaccination programs, according to Garrett Grigsby, the director of the HHS global affairs office, and up to $68 million for polio and Libya and Syria operations, according to USAID's Assistant Administrator for Global Health Dr. Alma Golden.
On Tuesday, the administration announced it would not work with the coronavirus vaccine project because it doesn't want to be constrained by multilateral groups like the WHO.
Some nations have worked directly to secure supplies of vaccine, but others are pooling efforts to ensure success against a disease that has no geographical boundaries. More than 150 countries are setting up the COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access Facility, or COVAX.
That cooperative effort, linked with the WHO, would allow nations to take advantage of a portfolio of potential vaccines to ensure their citizens are quickly covered by whichever ones are deemed effective. The WHO says even governments making deals with individual vaccine makers would benefit from joining COVAX because it would provide backup vaccines in case the ones being made through bilateral deals with manufacturers aren't successful.