It's more than $1 billion over budget and five years behind schedule, but an elaborate new veterans hospital is finally ready to open in suburban Denver with the promise of state-of-the-art medical care.
The $1.7 billion Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center made it through nearly a decade of management blunders, legal battles, federal investigations and congressional hearings.
Lawmakers were so angry they stripped the Veterans Affairs Department of the authority to manage big projects in the future and gave it to the Army's construction experts, the Corps of Engineers.
Veterans say they are frustrated by the slow and tortuous path but relieved the hospital is finally done.
"The cost overrun has been unfortunate. The schedule slip has been unfortunate. Yeah, it's all been unfortunate," said Leanne Wheeler, an Air Force veteran who gets VA healthcare in Denver.
But "we're glad to have it," she said.
The VA plans a ribbon-cutting ceremony Saturday. Outpatient services will begin moving from the old hospital in Denver to the new facility on July 27, and hospitalized veterans will be transferred starting Aug. 4.
The bright, airy complex in the east Denver suburb of Aurora is a collection of a dozen large buildings connected by a long, soaring, glass-walled corridor. From above, it looks like square leaves growing from a vine.
Most patients will have private rooms, with space for family to stay overnight. Operating rooms have easy access to the intensive-care unit as well as pre- and post-operation rooms.
When it's in full operation, the new hospital will offer services that the old one does not, including clinics for spinal cord injuries, mammography, PET scans for cancer, prosthetics and aquatic therapy.
But a post-traumatic stress disorder program will remain at the old campus for now. It was axed from the new facility when the VA tried to rein in soaring costs.
The old hospital is "kind of dingy, depressing," with a dreary, military feel, said John Keene, a Marine Corps veteran and executive director of Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 1 in Denver.
"I've heard anecdotally that some veterans don't use the VA because just walking into the facility can bring back memories," he said.
The new hospital should be more inviting, Keene said.
It has been in the works since 2002, when the VA proposed making it part of a University of Colorado hospital then in the planning stages. But the agency dropped that idea when veterans said they wanted a separate facility.
In 2006, the VA hired a design team, and in 2009, the agency estimated it could build the new hospital for $537 million and finish by 2013, according to a government investigation.
Six years later, the price tag had soared to more than $1.7 billion.
What went wrong, according to multiple investigations, was that VA officials opted for a lavish design and tried to use a complicated contract they didn't fully understand. They failed to get the designers and builders to agree on plans and costs, and they didn't oversee the work closely enough, investigators said.
Congress was furious, holding multiple hearings and demanding that the VA fire anyone responsible. But in the end, no one was let go or criminally charged. The VA said it was ready to fire one executive and was investigating another, but both retired before the agency could act.
Other officials were demoted or transferred.
Congress eventually agreed to finish the hospital. The Army Corps of Engineers took over construction management and trimmed the final cost by about $400,000, to just under $1.7 billion, according to VA numbers.
Republican U.S. Rep. Mike Coffman, whose district includes the hospital, was a dogged critic of the project's planners and managers but declined to dwell on the problems in a recent interview.
"While we can debate the long road it took for us to get here, Saturday will be about the veterans and their families," he said in an email to the Associated Press.
Keene, the VFW post commander, worries that the public will blame hospital staff for the problems.
"They kind of have a weight around their neck coming out of the gate because of all the cost overruns," he said, but they're not the ones responsible.
"Those are good people and they're trying to do their best," he said.