The law also allowed states to expand Medicaid eligibility to people with incomes up to 138% of the poverty level. By Jan. 1, 2016, 30 states opted to expand Medicaid. In those states, the uninsured rate was lower than in states that chose not to expand Medicaid, the census data released Tuesday showed.
About 67.5% of those with insurance coverage were privately insured in 2016, while 37.3% were enrolled in government programs. Privately insured individuals get coverage through an employer or union, or buy it directly from an insurer or through a health insurance exchange.
Government programs include Medicare, Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program, state health plans, Tricare and others.
Job-based insurance continued to be the most common source of coverage. According to the data, 55.7% of people get insurance from their employers, while 19.4% are covered by Medicaid and 16.7% by Medicare. The data also showed that 16.2% of people buy insurance directly from a health plan or through an exchange, and 4.6% of insured people have military-based coverage.
The number of people covered by Medicare grew by 0.4% from 2015 to 2016, while the percentage of people covered by other types of insurance remained essentially unchanged.
White people had the lowest uninsured rate of any ethnicity at 6.3%. Meanwhile, 10.5% of black people and 7.6% of Asians were uninsured. Hispanics had the highest uninsured rate at 16% in 2016.