This data, made public for the first time Thursday, joins earlier releases of the CMS' Provider Utilization and Payment Data set covering medical procedures and prescriptions.
Oxygen equipment, along with testing supplies and various drugs and solutions administered via infusion pumps, dominated the top of the list in terms of total dollar amounts paid by Medicare.
Hospital bed rentals ($116 million in Medicare payments), power wheelchair rentals ($98 million) and lancets ($96 million) were also among the top items.
The total amount spent by Medicare on durable goods in 2013 was about $8.8 billion, a small portion of a $600 billion budget.
That portion may get smaller as the CMS expands a competitive bidding process for durable medical equipment that was established in 2012 in the wake of widespread fraud.
In 2014 the CMS claimed the new bidding process had saved $400 million in its first two years and projected it would save $25.8 billion over the next 10 years.
Last month, HHS' Office of Inspector General reported that Medicaid agencies in four audited states could have saved $30.1 million if they had obtained pricing comparable to those obtained in the CMS' first two rounds of competitive bidding.
However suppliers have been critical of the bidding process, saying product and service quality dropped along with prices.
Besides spelling out Medicare's average payments for 1,854 items, the data lists 386,000 doctors or medical professionals along with the durable equipment they referred and the ultimate cost to Medicare.
The top provider, a cardiologist with a practice including pulmonary disease, referred equipment services for which Medicare paid $8.2 million.
According to a CMS release, pulmonary disease specialists referred the highest dollar amount of durable equipment as a group, "likely due to the large amount of oxygen and nebulizer supplies prescribed."