Massachusetts, whose healthcare reform program was used as a template for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, had the highest per capita health spending in the U.S. in 2009. According to the commission's report, the state spent $9,278 per person on healthcare in 2009, which was 36% higher than the national average of $6,815, and 11.2% more than the next-highest state, New York, which spent $8,341.
Healthcare spending accounted for 16.6% of the state economy in 2012, down from 16.8% in 2009. That's compared with 15.1% of the U.S. economy in 2012, down from 15.2% in 2009.
In Minnesota, healthcare spending accounted for an estimated 13.6% of the state of Minnesota's economy in 2011, according to a new report from the Minnesota Department of Health's health economics program.
Minnesota spent $38.2 billion on healthcare in 2011, which represented growth of 2%. Minnesota's private healthcare spending declined by 0.3% in 2011, while public spending grew 4.7%.
The report's authors declined to speculate whether the spending slow down was the result of healthcare reform or the lingering effects of the recession.
“To the extent that the economic downturn remains a significant factor in lower growth, a mature economic recovery with a longer period of empirical evidence will help determine whether the deceleration in spending was due to the economic disruption of the recession or structural changes in the Minnesota healthcare market,” the report stated. “Until then, economists on both sides of the argument continue to debate whether the healthcare delivery system has experienced desired structural changes that promise longer-term moderation in spending growth.”
The report did note, however, that many reform initiatives have taken hold in Minnesota, including population health, health information technology implementation and movement away from fee for service.
“Investments in population health through the State Health Improvement Program will continue into fiscal years 2014 and 2015 and beyond, targeting those risk factors that most greatly contribute to chronic disease,” the report noted. “Payment reform continues to transition Minnesota's healthcare system from transaction-based models to models of accountability by all actors, with accountable care models expanding in both the public and commercial sectors.”
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