Patients are more likely to die when treated at hospitals in which minorities make up 25% or more of the patients, according to a study published today online by the Archives of Surgery.
Mortality higher at facilities with more minorities, study finds
The analysis of patient information for 434 hospitals from the National Trauma Data Bank found that in hospitals where 25% to 50% of patients were minorities, patients were 16% more likely to die, and in hospitals where more than 50% of patients were minorities, patients are 37% more likely to die.
The study did not suggest why the odds of dying are higher in such hospitals. “Our large study of trauma patients demonstrates inequities in mortality rates associated with the proportion of minority patients treated at a facility,” the authors wrote. “The exact mechanisms that lead to the higher mortality rates observed at hospitals with a disproportionately high percentage of minority patients need to be investigated further,” they wrote, suggesting such factors as prehospital transport, pre-existing comorbidities and other disparities may affect survival.
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