Disease management is a system of coordinated healthcare services, interventions and education for patients with conditions in which self-care efforts can have significant results. It's designed to reduce healthcare costs while also improving the quality of life for individuals by preventing or minimizing the effects of a disease, usually a chronic condition, through integrated care. Many experts trace the roots of disease management to the launch of blood glucose monitors in the early 1980s, when the adoption of the now-common device empowered diabetics to play a greater role in their care and showed how such interactions can improve outcomes. Disease management has become big business in healthcare, although interest has waxed and waned over the years along with debates over long-term effectiveness.
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