More than a quarter of a million bloodstream infections occur annually in hospitals, resulting in more health complications for patients, longer lengths of stay and increased costs, the CDC said in the report.
In their recommendations, which replace guidelines drafted in 2002, the CDC and HICPAC emphasized education and training, use of maximum sterile barrier precautions during insertion and specific antisepsis preparations. In addition, the report also stressed the benefits of bundled improvement strategies and monitoring.
“The updated CDC guidelines are rich with new recommendations that are based on additional scientific research that has emerged since the prior version was published,” Russell Olmsted, president of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology and a member of HICPAC, said in an APIC news release. “This is an important resource to support efforts toward the elimination of catheter-related bloodstream infections.”
The release of the guidelines is well-timed, Olmsted said, because hospitals this year are required to begin reporting their incidences of central line-associated bloodstream infections to the CMS in order to receive their full payment update.