Germany enacts Chancellor Otto von Bismarck's Sickness Insurance Law, the world's first national healthcare system.
Former President Theodore Roosevelt runs again for the presidency on the Progressive Party ticket and a platform endorsing national health insurance.
The Committee on the Cost of Medical Care issues a report stating that medical care has become too expensive for many Americans. It recommends an expansion of group physician practices organized around hospitals and an expansion of health insurance. The American Medical Association and other critics denounce the report as advocating “socialized medicine.”
President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates an advisory Committee on Economic Security, which considers including national health insurance in its model bill. An insurance proposal in the Social Security Act is dropped after intense lobbying by the AMA.
The Social Security Act is adopted without a national health insurance provision.