Former U.S. Surgeon General Julius Richmond, who served during the Carter administration from 1977 until 1981, has died. He was 91. Richmond died July 27 at his home in Chestnut Hill, Mass., according to a news release from the Harvard School of Public Health, where he was a professor emeritus of health policy. Trained in pediatrics and child development, Richmond worked on the development of children in poverty, which led to his 1965 appointment as the first director of the Head Start program, according to his Harvard biography.
In 1979, Richmond released a report, Smoking and Health, which presented the evidence of the harmful effects of smoking. Later that year, he released Healthy People: The Surgeon Generals Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, which established quantitative health goals for the country in the next decade.
The Harvard School of Public Health established the Julius B. Richmond Award, which recognizes individuals who promoted and achieved high standards for public health conditions in vulnerable populations. Former HHS Secretary Donna Shalala received the award in 1997, and New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg was honored last year.
Harvard will host a public memorial service in Richmonds honor this fall. -- by Jessica Zigmond
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