A former U.S. surgeon general and a Pulitzer Prize-winning gerontologist are physician leaders named by the Heinz Family Foundation as winners of $250,000 prizes for their work in healthcare.
Julius Richmond, M.D., the former surgeon general under President Carter, was picked to receive the $250,000 Heinz Award for Public Policy.
Richmond's work was cited by foundation chairman Teresa Heinz as having "a profound influence on our nation's collective health, creating no less than a revolution in how we regard--and take responsibility for--our own well-being."
Heinz described Richmond as "a courageous and dedicated advocate for America's public health for more than 50 years."
A pediatrician, Richmond was one of the founders and the first director of the federal Head Start child development program in 1965. Carter named him Surgeon General in 1977. His 1979 report, "Smoking and Health," targeted smoking as the "single, most preventable killer in America" and led to the placement of warning labels on cigarette packages.
More recently, Richmond has served as director of the Harvard University Division of Health Policy Research and Education.
Also winning a $250,000 prize for his work on the human condition was Robert Butler, M.D., president and CEO of the International Longevity Center-USA, based in New York City and affiliated with Mount Sinai Medical Center.
In 1975, Butler became the founding director of the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health and in 1982 he started the Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development at Mount Sinai.
Butler, a psychiatrist, won the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for non-fiction for his book "Why Survive? Being Old in America."