1977-Voluntary Hospitals of America is incorporated in Delaware with 30 member hospitals.
-Stanley Nelson becomes volunteer president and chief executive officer.
1979-VHA inks an agreement with American Hospital Supply Co., placing limits on prices.
1980-Don Arnwine, then CEO of original shareholder Charleston (W.Va.) Area Medical Center, becomes volunteer president and CEO of VHA.
-VHA is sued for antitrust by four distributors of medical and surgical supplies as a result of VHA's supply contract with AHS. On appeal to federal court, the district court's judgment against VHA is reversed in 1983.
1982-Twenty-three new hospitals become VHA shareholders. Arnwine become first paid CEO of VHA.
1983-To attract capital to help VHA members compete with for-profit chains, VHA creates a for-profit subsidiary, VHA Enterprises.
1984-VHA ventures into private labeling, launching the VHA Plus brand, a co-labeling effort with VHA business partners.
1985-VHA Enterprises and Aetna Life Insurance Co. launch Partners National Health Plans, a managed-care company based in Hartford, Conn.
1986-VHA launches comparative-data analysis software for its member hospitals.
1987-VHA, with 791 members and $1.2 billion in purchasing clout, celebrates its 10th anniversary.
1988-After mounting losses at VHAE, VHA's board forces the resignations of Arnwine and Thomas Reed, VHAE's president and CEO. Wade Mountz, recently retired CEO of Norton Children's Hospitals (now Norton Healthcare) in Louisville, Ky., takes over as acting CEO.
1989-Robert O'Leary, president and CEO of St. Joseph Health System, Orange, Calif., is named president and CEO.
1990-The first year members qualify for cash and equity distributions based on their participation in VHA programs.
-VHA sells its share in Partners to Aetna.
1991-O'Leary announces plans to liquidate VHAE.
-O'Leary resigns to take the helm at for-profit hospital company American Medical International. C. Thomas Smith, a VHA director and former president of Yale-New Haven (Conn.) Health Services Corp., a VHA shareholder, becomes VHA's president and CEO.
1992-VHA Enterprises is dissolved.
1994-Voluntary Hospitals of America formally changes name to VHA.
1995-Opportunity, VHA's committed purchasing program, is launched.
1997-VHA launches VHAseCURE.net (which has since evolved to become VHA Online), an extranet, connecting members electronically.
1998-VHA and University HealthSystem Consortium launch Novation, a supply-company joint venture.
-VHA revitalizes VHA Health Foundation with a $10 million commitment.
-VHA launches LaurusHealth, Irving, Texas, a Web browser-based health information resource for consumers.
1999-VHA launches Clinical Advantage, a program to develop evidence-based improvement solutions.
-VHA, Eclipsys Corp., a Delray Beach, Fla.-based healthcare information systems company, and General Atlantic Partners, a New York based venture capital firm, launch HEALTHVision.
[email protected], an online purchasing system, is launched.
-HBS International, Bellevue, Wash., in which VHA owns a majority interest, merges with HCIA-Sachs, Evanston, Ill., to form consulting firm Solucient, Evanston, Ill., in which VHA owns a minority interest.
2001-VHA invests $20 million in Neoforma, San Jose, Calif., which builds and operates online marketplaces, including [email protected] VHA also extends a $25 million line of credit to Neoforma.
2002-VHA, now serving more than 2,200 members, creates a separate cash distribution for members involved in [email protected]
-HEALTHvision and VHA purchase software license from Autonomy, based in Cambridge, England, to improve the search engine at LaurusHealth and other VHA Web sites.