As commissioner of the Social Security Administration from 1962 to 1973, Ball played a critical role in creating and implementing Medicare. From the moment President Kennedy appointed him to the SSA post, Ball made it his business to get some form of national health insurance through Congress. He was inducted in 1999.
Barton's place during the Civil War was "anywhere between the bullet and the hospital." She founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and headed the organization for 23 years. She was inducted in 1993.
Ray E. Brown
Brown was a hospital administrator whose insights led him to be an educator and a prolific author. He worked at University of Chicago Clinics for 25 years and served as director of the graduate program in hospital administration from 1951 to 1970. He was inducted in 1988.
Robin C. Buerki, M.D.
Buerki served the healthcare field as a physician, hospital administrator, medical school dean and industry activist. He founded what is now known as the American College of Healthcare Executives. He was inducted in 1989.
As the first nonphysician president of the AHA, Bugbee helped pass the Hill-Burton Act in 1946 and helped form the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals and the Commission on Hospital Care. He was inducted in 1989.
Maria Francesca Xavier Cabrini
St. Cabrini devoted her life to improving the health and welfare of others. After starting numerous orphanages, schools and churches, she opened Columbus Hospital in New York in 1892 and later established three hospitals in Chicago. She was inducted in 1992.
Ida M. Cannon
Cannon was a trailblazer who made social work an accepted and expected hospital service. Cannon, a nurse, helped develop the first hospital-based social work program, which quickly became a national model. She believed such programs represented an evolution of the hospital from a primarily clinical and economic enterprise to a socially aware institution. Cannon was inducted in 1997.
H. Robert Cathcart
Cathcart, who for 43 years was an administrator at historic Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, left an indelible mark on healthcare at the local and national levels, earning him the moniker "Mr. Hospital." Though he chaired numerous national panels grappling with tough industry issues, he always kept the patient and the community the focus of his attention. He was inducted in 1997.
Wilbur J. Cohen
Cohen is regarded as the father of Medicare. He is the only person to serve as assistant secretary, undersecretary and secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and its successor, the Department of Health and Human Services. He was inducted in 1988.
Donald W. Cordes
A hospital administrator, educator and industry leader, Cordes transformed Iowa Methodist Medical Center in Des Moines into a multifaceted tertiary-care facility during his 35-year career as its administrator and president. He was inducted in 1992.
George W. Crile, M.D.
While co-founding the world-renowned Cleveland Clinic is Crile's most visible legacy, his clinical innovations also stand out. He pioneered research in death resulting from shock and helped advance surgical techniques worldwide. He also co-founded the American College of Surgeons. Crile was inducted in 1997.
Edwin L. Crosby, M.D.
Crosby was president of the American Hospital Association from 1954 until his death in 1972. He also was the first chief of what's now the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, a past CEO of Johns Hopkins Hospital and president of the International Hospital Federation. He was inducted in 1996.
Robert M. Cunningham Jr.
Cunningham was editor of Modern Hospital from 1951 to 1973, and editor of Modern Nursing Home from 1964 to 1973. He helped launch Modern Healthcare when the two publications merged in 1973. He was inducted in 1991.
Graham Lee Davis
Davis helped found the Healthcare Financial Management Association and developed the field of hospital management. He served as head of the American Hospital Association in 1947. He was inducted in 1993.
Michael E. DeBakey, M.D.
DeBakey, a world-renowned cardiovascular surgeon, performed the first successful coronary artery bypass in 1964. In his long career, DeBakey has mended more than 60,000 human hearts--many of them belonging to the world's most important people. He was inducted in 1996.
Paul M. Ellwood Jr.
Ellwood was a maverick who brought the concept of HMOs into public discourse and founded the Jackson Hole Group. He was president of the Association of Rehabilitation Centers and helped create the nonprofit Foundation for Accountability to help consumers influence the health system. He was inducted in 2000.
As an analyst of medical education, Flexner shook the medical community with his 1910 report, Medical Education in the United States and Canada, which ultimately forced more than 100 medical schools to close. He was inducted in 1990.
Loretta C. Ford
Ford created the first graduate curriculum for nurse practitioners, paving the way for the rise of professional nursing. Since that program started in 1965 at the University of Colorado, about 30,000 registered nurses have become nurse practitioners. She was inducted in 1995.
Scientist, printer and statesman, Franklin contributed to healthcare as a champion of the first hospital in the colonies. Pennsylvania Hospital was chartered in 1751. He was inducted in 1988.
Thomas F. Frist Sr., M.D.
A pioneer in the world of for-profit healthcare, Frist founded Hospital Corporation of America in 1968. When the company was started, for-profit healthcare was considered a radical idea. He also championed the idea that delivering high-quality care isn't about buildings and equipment but the warmth, compassion and attitude of good employees. He was inducted in 1990.
Sidney R. Garfield, M.D.
Co-founder of the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Garfield conceived a healthcare payment mechanism that gave birth to today's managed-care industry. He was inducted in 1988.
William B. Graham
Graham was chief executive officer at Baxter Laboratories from 1953 to 1980. Under his direction, the company became the leading international medical supply company and had remarkable success in pioneering medications and medical devices. He was inducted in 1993.
Under Groner's leadership, Baptist Memorial Hospital in Memphis, Tenn., grew from 500 beds in 1946 to the nation's largest private hospital, with 2,055 beds in operation at its peak in 1980. He also pioneered avenues of diversification that would become vital to hospitals nationwide. He was inducted in 1988.
T. Stewart Hamilton
During his long career, including 20 years as executive director and president of Hartford (Conn.) Hospital, Hamilton was busy on the local, state and national stages. He served as president of the Massachusetts and Connecticut hospital associations as well as the American Hospital Association. He worked to promote communication among hospital boards, managers and physicians. He was inducted in 1999.
James A. Hamilton
Hamilton, a pioneer in the field of healthcare management education, helped bring world-class status to the University of Minnesota's graduate program in healthcare administration. He joined the fledgling program in 1946, and during his 20-year tenure there helped set the standard for the industry. He was inducted in 1998.
Hartman trained more than 500 students as professor and chairman of the graduate program in hospital and health administration at the University of Iowa at Iowa City. He also helped turn the university's hospital into a major regional referral medical center. He was inducted in 1991.
William A. Hillenbrand
At age 23, Hillenbrand started Hill-Rom and began manufacturing wooden beds for sale to hospitals. He had the revolutionary idea of "bringing the home into the hospital" by replacing the cold of steel with the warmth of wood. Offering high-quality products and meeting the needs of hospital administrators were among his constant quests. He was inducted in 1991.
Sister Grace Marie Hiltz
Hiltz left her 17-year tenure as president and chief executive officer at Cincinnati's Good Samaritan Hospital in 1979 and went on to build Sisters of Charity Health Care Systems into one of the nation's larger not-for-profit systems. She was inducted in 1995.
Harold W. Hinderer
Hinderer was one of the nation's foremost healthcare financial advisers. He helped develop Daughters of Charity, one of the nation's largest not-for-profit systems, advised the Social Security Administration, and helped set Medicare rules and regulations. He was inducted in 1991.
Robert Wood Johnson
As chairman of the board for 25 years, Johnson transformed Johnson & Johnson from a sleepy surgical supply company to an international healthcare supplier. He also created a multibillion-dollar healthcare philanthropy. He was inducted in 1990.
L.R. "Rush" Jordan
Jordan was a founder of Voluntary Hospitals of America, now VHA, chairman of the Accrediting Commission on Education in Health Services Administration, and president and CEO of Baptist Medical Centers in Birmingham, Ala. He was a professor in healthcare administration programs nationwide. He was inducted in 2000.
Kinzer was best known for his influential books, articles and reports. He often voiced support of universal healthcare coverage. He also held many leadership positions during his 40-year career, including stints as head of the Illinois Hospital Association and the Massachusetts Hospital Association until 1985. He was inducted in 1995.
C. Everett Koop, M.D.
As U.S. surgeon general from 1981 to 1989, Koop was an outspoken guardian of the public's health. In his physician practice, Koop helped pioneer the field of pediatric surgery over a 35-year career. He was inducted in 1997.
Sister Irene Kraus
Kraus, an executive at Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, in 1980 became the first woman to chair the American Hospital Association. She chaired the Catholic Health Association and was the founding chief executive of Daughters of Charity National Health System. She was inducted in 1996.
Bernard J. Lachner
Among Lachner's accomplishments are the creation of a cutting-edge graduate program in healthcare management at Ohio State University, the development of Evanston (Ill.) Hospital into a renowned healthcare system and noteworthy contributions to many professional organizations. He was inducted in 1998.
Eleanor C. Lambertsen
A teacher, mentor and pragmatist, Lambertsen worked to elevate educational standards for nurses and regard for their skills and abilities. Most notably, she developed the idea of team nursing. She was inducted in 1989.
Mary Woodard Lasker
Lasker was a public health advocate devoted to raising private and public funding for research into cancer and other diseases. She and her husband launched the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation, a philanthropy known for its support of medical research. She was inducted in 1990.
Margaret Daugherty Lewis
Lewis devoted her career to home healthcare and the visiting nurse movement. In 1970 she founded the National Association of Home Health Agencies, which merged with the Council for Home Health Agencies and Community Health Services to become the National Association for Home Care in 1982. She was inducted in 1991.
Malcolm T. MacEachern, M.D.
MacEachern's book, Hospital Organization and Management, was a blueprint for administrators. His work led to the creation of the American College of Healthcare Executives and the Joint Commission. He was inducted in 1988.
John R. Mannix
Mannix was one of the youngest hospital administrators in history and the founder of two of the nation's largest Blue Cross plans. His twist on the concept of all-inclusive rates became the core of all Blues programs. He was inducted in 1989.
Foster G. McGaw
Fueled by his belief that centralized purchasing and higher ethical practices would help the hospital industry, McGaw founded American Hospital Supply Co. in Chicago in 1922. His insistence on ethical conduct elevated the reputation of the hospital supply sales representative. He was inducted in 1989.
John Alexander McMahon
During his 14-year tenure as head of the American Hospital Association, McMahon significantly expanded the AHA's firepower in Washington. In that post he also helped to ease the rivalry between the AHA and the American Medical Association. He was inducted in 1995.
McNerney, an accomplished educator and healthcare administrator, oversaw the marriage of the national Blue Cross and Blue Shield associations in 1978 and pushed for the inclusion of HMOs in Blues packages. He was inducted in 1996.
Nelson is best known for having the vision to expand a struggling inner-city Detroit hospital into what is now Henry Ford Health System. After leading the merger of hospitals in Minneapolis, Nelson was recruited in 1971 to drive the turnaround at Henry Ford. He was inducted in 1999.
During his tenure at the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Pattullo awarded about $700 million in grants. He is best known for his influence on the development of graduate and undergraduate programs in healthcare administration. He was inducted in 1990.
Boone Powell Sr.
As chief executive officer at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas for more than three decades, Powell built the nation's second-largest private hospital and started the country's first residency program for hospital administrators. He was inducted in 1988.
The late Rice, who actively promoted minorities in healthcare, was the CEO of six hospitals, including Howard University Hospital. He was a founder of the National Association of Health Services Executives and gave national attention to the issue of abandoned AIDS babies. He was inducted in 2000.
Elliott C. Roberts Sr.
Public healthcare has been Roberts' mission throughout his long career. His resume includes some of the most challenging jobs in healthcare management, including stints as chief executive officer at several major inner-city hospitals. He taught at nearly a dozen universities, and because most of his hospitals were affiliated with a medical school or university, he has mentored many administrative residents. He was inducted in 1998.
C. Rufus Rorem
Rorem advocated group medical practice and group medical prepayment, concepts considered radical at the time. As director of the American Hospital Association's Hospital Service Plan Commission, he set standards for the nation's start-up Blue Cross plans. He was inducted in 1988.
Elizabeth Ann Seton
A love of public charity and her devotion to the Roman Catholic Church led Seton to help establish five religious communities that sponsor dozens of hospitals, as well as schools, orphanages, child-care centers and nurseries. Seton, the first native-born U.S. citizen to be canonized, was inducted in 1988.
Anne Ramsay Somers
Somers was an influential author, educator and adviser on healthcare policy and issues. She and her husband, Herman Miles Somers, co-wrote some of the most definitive and authoritative texts on various healthcare industry reforms. She was inducted in 1992.
Andrew Taylor Still, D.O.
In 1891, Still founded the first school of osteopathic medicine, the only philosophy of healthcare native to the U.S. That institution exists today as the Kirksville (Mo.) College of Osteopathic Medicine. He was inducted in 1993.
Stull is best known for his roles in promoting graduate healthcare administration and strengthening the American College of Healthcare Administrators, the forerunner of the American College of Healthcare Executives. He was inducted in 1996.
John Devereaux Thompson
While Thompson was head of the hospital administration program at Yale University, he and colleague Robert Fetter developed the system for coding medical treatments called diagnosis-related groups. That work led to shorter hospital stays and a drastic readjustment of financial incentives in hospital care. He was inducted in 1995.
Samuel J. Tibbitts
Throughout his career, Tibbitts was a visionary. He started in the not-for-profit sector, where he used innovation to boost efficiency. He found even greater success in for-profit forays, including forming PacifiCare Health Systems, now a managed-care giant. He was inducted in 1997.
Robert E. Toomey
As general director and chief executive officer at Greenville (S.C.) General Hospital, Toomey developed Greenville Hospital System, a vertically integrated community health system and a precursor to current healthcare networks. He was inducted in 1993.
The nation's pioneer in public health nursing, Wald treated the hordes of immigrants who streamed into New York's Lower East Side at the turn of the century. She directed the Visiting Nurse Service of New York City for 40 years and founded the National Organization for Public Health Nursing. She was inducted in 1988.
Kenneth T. Wessner
A pioneer in healthcare service delivery, Wessner served as president, CEO and chairman of ServiceMaster. The company promoted the concept of improving management of service personnel to reduce costs and elevate a facilityOs overall quality. He was inducted in 1992.