Development activity in the senior-living and long-term-care industries remains strong, according to two recent surveys.
Some 435 senior-housing communities with 45,583 units are under construction across the country, according to the 1997 Construction Survey of the American Seniors Housing Association.
The Washington-based association, which represents firms that construct, finance or manage senior-housing properties, surveyed 76 major senior-housing developers in May.
The survey found that 11 states account for 59% of the nation's senior-housing projects. Texas is experiencing the greatest growth, with 52 senior-housing communities under construction.
California and Florida, each with 31 projects per state, and Arizona, with 25, also are among the most active.
They are followed by North Carolina and Pennsylvania with 23 seniors projects apiece, Michigan and Tennessee with 15 apiece, New York with 14, and New Jersey and Oregon with 13 apiece.
Based on number of units, 10 states with a combined 28,378 units under construction represent 62% of all senior-housing units being built. Texas is again the leader with 6,015, followed by Florida with 3,985, New Jersey with 3,489, Arizona with 3,095, California with 3,001, Virginia with 2,340, Pennsylvania with 1,927, Tennessee with 1,597, North Carolina with 1,538 and New York with 1,391.
The hottest property continues to be assisted-living facilities. Assisted-living residences, both those that are freestanding and those with skilled-nursing or special-care units, account for 67% of all the senior-living properties being built, the survey said.
Congregate residences represent 18%, continuing care retirement communities 8% and seniors apartments the remaining 7%.
In a related survey, the National Adult Day Services Association, a division of the Washington-based National Council on the Aging, found that the number of adult day-care centers in the United States has jumped 53% to 4,000 in 1997 from 2,100 in 1989. That compares with just 300 centers in 1978, the association noted.
Adult day-care centers provide health and therapeutic services and social activities for primarily elderly people with functional or cognitive impairments, the association said.
The association's findings are based on the latest results from its ongoing National Census of Adult Day Services. The association said it has received responses from about half the 4,000 surveyed centers.
Some 80% of the respondents are not-for-profit, 10% are for-profit and 10% are public, the association said. Their fees range from $25 to $70 per day, with most also providing full-time nursing services on site.
Most of the facilities also provide transportation, the survey showed. Half provide the transportation at no charge, while others charge by the trip or mile.