Barton's place during the Civil War was "anywhere between the bullet and the hospital." She founded the American Red Cross in 1881 and headed the organization for 23 years. She was inducted in 1993.
Ray E. Brown
Brown was a hospital administrator whose insights led him to be an educator and a prolific author. He worked at University of Chicago Clinics for 25 years, and served as director of the graduate program in hospital administration from 1951 to 1970. He was inducted in 1988.
Robin C. Buerki, M.D.
Buerki served the healthcare field as a physician, hospital administrator, medical school dean and industry activist. He founded what is now known as the American College of Healthcare Executives and in 1951 became executive director of the board of trustees of Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. He was inducted in 1989.
In his 11 years as the first nonphysician president of the American Hospital Association, Bugbee was instrumental in the 1946 passage of the Hill-Burton Act and in forming the Joint Commission of the Accreditation of Hospitals and the Commission on Hospital Care. He was inducted in 1989.
Maria Francesca Xavier Cabrini
St. Cabrini devoted her life to improving the health and welfare of others. After starting numerous orphanages, schools and churches, she opened Columbus Hospital in New York in 1892 and later established three hospitals in Chicago. She was inducted in 1992.
Wilbur J. Cohen
Cohen is regarded as the father of Medicare. He is the only person to serve as assistant secretary, undersecretary and secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and its successor, the Department of Health and Human Services. He was inducted in 1988.
Donald W. Cordes
A hospital administrator, educator and industry leader, Cordes transformed Iowa Methodist Medical Center in Des Moines into a multifaceted tertiary medical facility during his 35-year career as its administrator and president. He was inducted in 1992.
Edwin L. Crosby, M.D.
Crosby was president of the American Hospital Association from 1954 until his death in 1972. He also was the first director of what is now the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, a past chief executive of Johns Hopkins Hospital and president of the International Hospital Federation. He was inducted in 1996.
Robert M. Cunningham Jr.
Cunningham was editor of Modern Hospital from 1951 to 1973, and editor of Modern Nursing Home from 1964 to 1973. He helped launch MODERN HEALTHCARE when the two publications merged in 1973. He was inducted in 1991.
Graham Lee Davis
Davis helped found the Healthcare Financial Management Association and developed the field of hospital management. He served as head of the American Hospital Association in 1947. He was inducted in 1993.
Michael E. DeBakey, M.D.
DeBakey, a world-renowned cardiovascular surgeon, performed the first successful coronary artery bypass operation in 1964. In his long career, DeBakey mended more than 60,000 human hearts-many of them belonging to the world's most important people. DeBakey, long associated with Methodist Hospital in Houston, also served as president and chancellor of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. He was inducted in 1996.
As an analyst of medical education, Flexner shook the medical community with his 1910 report "Medical Education in the United States and Canada," which ultimately forced more than 100 medical schools to close. He was inducted in 1990.
Loretta C. Ford
Ford created the first graduate curriculum for nurse practitioners, paving the way for the rise of professional nursing. Since that program started in 1965 at the University of Colorado, about 30,000 registered nurses have become nurse practitioners. She was inducted in 1995.
Scientist, printer and statesman, Franklin contributed to healthcare as a champion of the first hospital in the colonies. Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia was chartered in 1751. He was inducted in 1988.
Thomas F. Frist Sr., M.D.
Creating the realm of for-profit healthcare, Frist founded Hospital Corporation of America in 1968. He championed the ideal of delivering high-quality care with compassion and respect. He was inducted in 1990.
Sidney R. Garfield, M.D.
Co-founder of the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, Garfield conceived a healthcare payment mechanism that gave birth to today's managed-care industry. He was inducted in 1988.
William B. Graham
Graham was chief executive officer at Baxter Laboratories from 1953 to 1980. Under his direction, the company became the leading international medical supply company. He was inducted in 1993.
Under Groner's leadership, Baptist Memorial Hospital in Memphis, Tenn., grew from 500 beds in 1946 to the nation's largest private hospital with 2,055 beds in operation at its peak in 1980. He also pioneered avenues of diversification that would become vital to hospitals nationwide. He was inducted in 1988.
Hartman trained more than 500 students as professor and chairman of the graduate program in hospital and health administration at the University of Iowa at Iowa City. He also helped turn the university's hospital into a major regional referral medical center. He was inducted in 1991.
William A. Hillenbrand
At the age of 23, Hillenbrand started Hill-Rom and began manufacturing wooden beds for sale to hospitals. He had the revolutionary idea of "bringing the home into the hospital" by replacing the cold of steel with the warmth of wood. Offering high-quality products and meeting the needs of hospital administrators were constant quests. He was inducted in 1991.
Sister Grace Marie Hiltz
Hiltz left her 17-year tenure as president and chief executive officer at Cincinnati's Good Samaritan Hospital in 1979 and went on to build Sisters of Charity Health Care Systems into one of the nation's larger not-for-profit systems. She also founded Cincinnati's first HMO in the 1970s. She was inducted in 1995.
Harold W. Hinderer
Hinderer was one of the country's foremost healthcare financial advisers. He helped develop Daughters of Charity, one of the nation's largest not-for-profit healthcare systems, advised the Social Security Administration, and helped implement Medicare rules and regulations. He was inducted in 1991.
Robert Wood Johnson
As chairman of the board for 25 years, Johnson transformed Johnson & Johnson from a sleepy surgical supply company to an international healthcare supplier. He also created a multibillion-dollar healthcare philanthropy. He was inducted in 1990.
Kinzer was best known for his influencial books, articles and reports. In his writings, he often voiced support of universal healthcare coverage. He also held several leadership positions during his 40-year career in healthcare, serving as head of the Illinois Hospital Association from 1957 to 1973, and then as head of the Massachusetts Hospital Association until 1985. He was inducted in 1995.
Sister Irene Kraus
Kraus, an executive and religious woman at the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul congregation, in 1980 became the first woman to chair the American Hospital Association. She also chaired the Catholic Health Association from 1971 to 1974. Kraus was the founding president and chief executive officer of Daughters of Charity National Health System from 1986 to 1992. She was inducted in 1996.
Eleanor C. Lambertsen
A teacher, mentor and pragmatist, Lambertsen worked to elevate educational standards for nurses and regard for their skills and abilities. Most notably, she developed the idea of team nursing. She was inducted in 1989.
Mary Woodard Lasker
Lasker was a public health advocate devoted to raising private and public funding for research into cancer and other diseases. She and her husband launched the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation, a philanthropy known for its support of medical research. She was inducted in 1990.
Margaret Daugherty Lewis
Lewis devoted her career to home healthcare and the visiting nurse movement. In 1970, she founded the National Association of Home Health Agencies, which merged with the Council for Home Health Agencies and Community Health Services to become the National Association for Home Care in 1982. She was inducted in 1991.
Malcolm T. MacEachern, M.D.
MacEachern's book, Hospital Organization and Management, was the blueprint administrators followed. His work as director of hospital activities for the American College of Surgeons led to the creation of the American College of Healthcare Executives and the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. He was inducted in 1988.
John R. Mannix
Mannix was one of the youngest hospital administrators in history. His twist on the concept of inclusive rates-taking the cost of hospital care and dividing it among everyone, regardless of whether they are hospitalized-became the core of all Blue Cross programs. He was inducted in 1989.
Foster G. McGaw
Fueled by his belief that centralized purchasing and higher ethical practices would help the hospital industry, McGaw founded American Hospital Supply Co. in Chicago in 1922. His insistence on ethical conduct elevated the reputation of a hospital supply salesman. He was inducted in 1989.
John Alexander McMahon
During his 14-year tenure as head of the American Hospital Association, McMahon significantly expanded the AHA's firepower in Washington. In that post he also helped ease the rivalry between the AHA and the American Medical Association. He was inducted in 1995.
McNerney, an accomplished educator and healthcare administrator, oversaw the marriage of the national Blue Cross and Blue Shield associations in 1978 and pushed inclusion of HMOs in Blues packages. He was inducted in 1996.
During his tenure at the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Pattullo awarded about $700 million in grants. He is best known for his influence on the development of graduate and undergraduate programs in healthcare administration. He was inducted in 1990.
Boone Powell Sr.
As chief executive officer at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas for more than three decades, Powell built the nation's second-largest private hospital and started the country's first residency program for hospital administrators. He was inducted in 1988.
C. Rufus Rorem
Rorem advocated group medical practice and group medical prepayment, concepts considered radical at the time. As director of the American Hospital Association's Hospital Service Plan Commission, he set standards for the nation's start-up Blue Cross plans. He was inducted in 1988.
Elizabeth Ann Seton
A love of public charity and her devotion to the Roman Catholic Church led Seton to help establish five religious communities that sponsor dozens of hospitals, as well as schools, orphanages, child-care centers and nurseries. Seton, the first native-born U.S. citizen to be canonized, was inducted in 1988.
Anne Ramsay Somers
An author, educator and adviser on healthcare policy and issues, Somers co-authored some of the most definitive and authoritative texts on a variety of healthcare issues. She was inducted in 1992.
Stull, whose career spanned 40 years, is best known for his roles in promoting graduate healthcare administration and strengthening the forerunner of the American College of Healthcare Executives. He was inducted in 1996.
Andrew Taylor Still, D.O.
In 1891, Still founded the first school of osteopathic medicine, the only philosophy of healthcare native to the United States. That institution exists today as the Kirksville (Mo.) College of Osteopathic Medicine. He was inducted in 1993.
John Devereaux Thompson
While Thompson was director of the hospital administration program at Yale University, he and colleague Robert Fetter developed the system for coding medical treatments called diagnosis-related groups. HCFA began using DRGs in Medicare reimbursement on a national scale in 1983, and Thompson's work led to shorter hospital stays and a drastic readjustment of traditional financial incentives in hospital care. He was inducted in 1995.
Robert E. Toomey
As general director and chief executive officer at Greenville (S.C.) General Hospital, Toomey developed Greenville Hospital System, a vertically integrated community health system and a precursor to current healthcare networks. He was inducted in 1993.
The nation's pioneer in public health nursing, Wald treated the hordes of immigrants who streamed into New York's Lower East Side at the turn of the century. She directed the Visiting Nurse Service of New York City for 40 years and founded the National Organization for Public Health Nursing. She was inducted in 1988.
Kenneth T. Wessner
A pioneer in healthcare service delivery, Wessner served as president, chief executive officer and chairman of ServiceMaster. The company was a forerunner of the concept of improving management of service personnel to reduce costs and elevate a facility's overall quality of care. His career in healthcare covered 38 years. He was inducted in 1992.