Five people have been selected as 1997 inductees into the Health Care Hall of Fame.
They include a former U.S. surgeon general, two hospital executives, a co-founder of the Cleveland Clinic and a pioneer in the field of hospital social work. The winners were nominated by readers of MODERN HEALTHCARE, which sponsors the Hall of Fame.
Ida Maud Cannon, who blazed the trail for today's social workers. Cannon, who died at age 83 in 1960, was trained as a nurse in her native Minnesota. At the turn of the century, she moved to Cambridge, Mass., to live with her brother. There, she became one of the first volunteers for a new social work service at Massachusetts General Hospital.
In 1915, the hospital named her chief of social service, a position she held until her retirement in 1946. She helped found the American Association of Hospital Social Workers in 1918 and two years later received the Massachusetts Public Health Association's award for distinguished service. Through her work, books and articles, Cannon made social work an accepted and expected hospital service.
H. Robert Cathcart, 72, longtime executive at storied Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, which houses the Hall of Fame. His career there spanned 42 years and included a 21-year term as president, from 1970 to 1991.
Cathcart was an outspoken leader among hospital executives, known equally for his wit and intellect. An active member of the American Hospital Association, he served as board chairman in 1976 and speaker of the AHA's House of Delegates in 1977. He led numerous industry commissions and committees. He received the AHA's distinguished service award in 1983.
George W. Crile, M.D., one of the co-founders of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. The foundation, launched in 1921, is now the second-largest medical group practice in the world and records more than 600,000 outpatient visits annually. Its assets include a 957-bed hospital.
Crile, who was born in 1864 and died in 1943, also achieved fame for his innovations in medicine. A prodigious surgeon, he performed more than 100,000 operations during his career. Among other accomplishments, he pioneered the treatment of surgical shock; founded the world's first school of anesthesiology; was a founding member of the American College of Surgeons; invented the forerunner of the pressure suit used by World War II pilots to avoid blacking out in flight; and provided surgical suport to troops during the Spanish-American War and World War I.
C. Everett Koop, M.D., the nation's most visible and vocal U.S. surgeon general. Trained as a pediatric surgeon, Koop, 79, quickly achieved notoriety for his outspoken defense of public health.
Shortly after his 1982 confirmation, Koop launched an aggressive anti-smoking campaign, prompting tobacco-state Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.) to call for his resignation. A safe-sex advocate, Koop unnerved critics with his frank talk about how AIDS is transmitted.
Koop left the surgeon general's post in 1989. In 1992, he helped establish a new research organization-the C. Everett Koop Institute at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, N.H.
Samuel J. Tibbitts, former chairman of Burbank, Calif.-based UniHealth America and chairman emeritus of Cypress, Calif-based PacifiCare Health Systems. He died in 1984 at age 69.
Tibbitts achieved fame for introducing in the 1960s the elements of practical business management and hospital-physician integration to the healthcare industry. He also served as chairman of the American Hospital Association and president of both the California Hospital Association and the Hospital Council of Southern California. He led the Lutheran Hospital Society of Southern California as its president for 22 years until initiating its merger with the former HealthWest to create UniHealth, an 11-hospital not-for-profit system.
Winners of the awards will be inducted into the Hall of Fame at a March 2 dinner held in conjunction with the annual Congress of the American College of Healthcare Executives in Chicago. Displays outlining the accomplishments of the inductees will join those of 44 others in the Hall of Fame.