Yonsei University Medical Center-New Severance Hospital
Seoul, South Korea
Type of facility: replacement facility
Client: Yonsei University Medical Center, Seoul
Project architect: Ellerbe Becket, Minneapolis, in association with Junglim Architecture, Seoul
Scheduled completion: 1999
Size: 1.6 million square feet
Total estimated building cost: $225 million
Cost per square foot: $140
Founded in the late 19th century as South Korea's first modern medical institution, Yonsei University Medical Center in Seoul decided to update its campus in response to an increasingly competitive market.
The replacement project is a good example of planning creativity that satisfies the functional requirements within a limited area, the judges said.
Designing New Severance Hospital, a 1,007-bed replacement facility, on a tight urban site and successfully linking it to the existing campus was no easy feat. The medical center already includes four educational institutions, five hospitals and four specialty centers.
The new facility comprises a diagnostic and treatment center, a patient-care tower, an outpatient building, an atrium and a sublevel parking structure.
The 18-story inpatient tower is designed with recesses that allow natural light into the nursing stations and public waiting spaces. A grand stairway connects the east and west sides of the building and provides an entrance to a rooftop garden.
"Good functional adjacency of diagnostic and treatment services to both inpatient tower and outpatient building allows for efficient access in order to avoid duplicating costly technology," said judge Deborah Rohde.
The four-story diagnostic and treatment center forms the largest horizontal component of the facility and houses various technical support functions.
New Severance addresses both street-scale and large-urban-scale issues while effectively using the site, said judge William H. Paxson. It "has a crisp modern appearance in an urban context," Paxson said.