Health and insurance groups gave 61% of their U.S. Senate campaign contributions in August and September to Republicans, breaking from their previous preference for Democrats, according to an analysis of federal election reports by the watchdog group Citizen Action.
From January 1993 through July 1994, Democrats had received 56% of those groups' campaign contributions, the report said.
The leading contributor among health and insurance industry groups was the American Medical Association, which contributed $1.9 million to 1994 congressional campaigns.
The American Hospital Association was fourth, giving $800,065.
Rep. Jim Cooper, a Democrat running for an open Senate seat in Tennessee, was the leading recipient of insurance, provider and drug manufacturer campaign contributions, with $668,182. Mr. Cooper sponsored a managed-competition reform plan that was a leading alternative to the Clinton administration's proposal.