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Leapfrog defends methodology and other letters


By Modern Healthcare
Posted: August 10, 2013 - 12:01 am ET
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Leapfrog defends methodology

The American Hospital Association wrote to Modern Healthcare last week, “Leapfrog tool 'seriously flawed', unhappy with Leapfrog Group's calculator that helps purchasers identify the millions of dollars in surcharges they are paying for hospital errors. Purchasers have a right to know how much errors are costing them when their employees visit the hospital, and we hope the calculator—which earned the rare Gold Standard designation by the Disease Management Purchasing Consortium—will serve as a useful tool for purchasers making important healthcare decisions.

Because we don't differentiate between “total cost,” “charges incurred” and “estimated additional cost,” the AHA suggests purchasers aren't justified in identifying the millions of dollars they pay for hospital errors. But thanks to some good research in the past few years from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the CMS, purchasers no longer have to allow the smoke and mirrors of hospital finance to obscure the cold reality that they are paying real dollars for harm to their employees.

The studies we used to define the surcharges, which are all made publicly available through our calculator methodology and originated from reliable sources such as JAMA and AHRQ, identified what Medicare paid for errors. By developing the surcharge calculator based on what Medicare paid, we found that on average, hospitals with a Hospital Safety Score of A had fewer such errors than hospitals with a B, C, D or F. Since the errors cost Medicare money, and since private purchasers pay rates higher than Medicare, we logically surmised that they cost purchasers even more money.

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The AHA also asserts that the calculator does not account for patients with multiple medical conditions and the additional treatment they require. But in fact, the calculator is powered by the number of admissions rather than the number of patients. Because employers use their own claims data, they can estimate their surcharge based on current usage patterns for employees admitted to hospitals, regardless of the complexity of their conditions. The beauty of the calculator is that it is fully transparent and customizable. If a purchaser believes, as the AHA does, that certain variables or assumptions don't correlate to its performance, with a few clicks of the mouse that assumption can be taken out of the calculation. For additional “reference points and validation” beyond what is reported in Modern Healthcare, I would encourage the AHA and others to visit our website for citation of the studies that validate our cost estimates and the assumptions we used. You can also visit the Disease Management Purchasing Consortium to view the calculator's Gold Standard validation of Leapfrog's methodology. In recent years, the AHA has demonstrated leadership as an advocate for increased transparency and public reporting, and their leadership in patient safety is impressive. We applaud these efforts. The more information we have on healthcare quality and costs, the fewer assumptions we'll have to make about the extent of the problem. But in the meantime, we have more information than we ever did before, and purchasers and consumers deserve to know all that they can about protecting their lives and their pocketbooks.

Leah Binder
President and CEO
Leapfrog Group
Washington


Funding clinical research

The article “Rethinking philanthropy” was right on the mark. Hospital and health system foundations are looking for new strategies to generate charitable gift-giving. One area that is gaining momentum with foundations is promoting clinical research programs. As your article stated, foundation efforts are moving toward opportunities to give to service expansions and community health improvement ventures. Foundations also are beginning to understand the powerful draw of their organizations' clinical research programs. It is appealing to play a financial role in building the “cutting edge” image that clinical research programs bring. Some hospitals actually fund their research enterprise with foundation dollars. Those giving to such specific service programs have the opportunity to see how their dollars are at work in their own community.

Shirley Trainor-Thomas
GuideStar Clinical Trials Management
Deerfield, Ill.


Making accommodations

Modern Healthcare's article on diversity, “Making room for faith”, is a timely primer that should be included in all healthcare facility staff orientations and annual update training. Healthcare facility staff also need to beware of those sudden-notice “gotcha” situations such as those that have confronted me when teaching American Red Cross training classes after-hours. Evening and weekend classes are usually when most facility management and personnel staff have already gone home and are not easily reachable for policy consultations. Muslim students might ask you for compass-point directions, then for a carpeted floor where they can orient themselves toward Mecca, where they can practice one of their five-times-a-day Islamic prayers during class break times. Side rooms or break rooms are usually close to the training classrooms and often can provide the needed space for individuals to kneel on carpeted floors. Muslim students also might ask you about the availability of stimulant-free refreshments whenever vending machines or eateries are not on site or nearby. There's always the one beverage acceptable worldwide that does not offend any faith: water. It's almost always readily available from hallway water fountains in a given facility. Healthcare facility managers need to realize how easy it is to provide zero-cost “reasonable accommodations.”


Donald White
Director of safety and security
Northern Virginia Mental Health Institute
Falls Church



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