The CDC, one of the major organizations under HHS, aids local and state agencies to detect and control chronic diseases, as well as safeguard the health of the nation. The CDC raises awareness about public health issues, in addition to identifying areas requiring action, such as the agency's high-profile role fighting the recent H1N1 influenza pandemic. The organization's focus has broadened since its creation in 1942, when it began as an agency to handle malaria control. The CDC's work goes beyond the U.S., aiding governments worldwide to achieve health goals and efficiency. The agency also is responsible for distributing the healthcare reform law's Community Prevention grants, which invest in systematic change at the local level to reduce chronic diseases and health disparities.